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The site of Mycenae was first occupied in the Neolithic period. Situated on a low mycenae1plateau between two hills, it dominates the Argive plain, controlling both land and sea routes. Perseus, son of Zeus and princess Danae of Argos, ruled Tiryns and fortified the Acropolis of Mycenae. He is honoured by Mycenaean people as the city’s founder and hero.

'Rich in Gold' Mycenae, the seat of the Atreides dynasty, represents the Mycenaean civilization, one of the greatest civilizations of Greek prehistory. There was the richest and most important palatial centre of the Late Bronze Age in Greece. The myths related to the history and deeds of House Atreides, (with dominant the ILIAD), have inspired poets and writers over many centuries, from the Homeric epics and the great tragedies of the Classical period to contemporary literary and artistic creation.

The Lion Gate, the site’s famous entrance was erected, like most of the monuments visible today, between 1350 and 1200 BC, when the city was at its peak.

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